United States presidential elections in Arkansas

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Arkansas is a state in the South Central region of the United States.[1] Since its admission to the Union in June 1836, it has participated in 46 United States presidential elections. In the realigning 1860 election, Arkansas was one of the ten slave states that did not provide ballot access to the Republican nominee, Abraham Lincoln.[2] Subsequently, John C. Breckinridge won the state by a comfortable margin, becoming the first third party candidate to win Arkansas.[3] Soon after this election, Arkansas seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy.[4] Following the secession, Arkansas did not participate in the 1864 presidential election.[5] After the Civil War, Arkansas was readmitted to the Union in 1868.[6] In the 1872 election, all six of Arkansas's electoral votes were invalidated due to various irregularities including allegations of electoral fraud.[7]

Until 1964, Arkansas was considered a stronghold state for the Democratic Party, which consistently won Arkansas by huge margins; however, recent political realignment led to the dominance of the Republican Party.[8] In the 1968 presidential election, American Independent Party candidate George Wallace became the second third-party presidential candidate to win Arkansas.[9] Arkansas was the only state in the 1992 presidential election to be won by a majority of the popular vote;[10] Bill Clinton won Arkansas with 53.21 percent of the vote.[11] The Republican Party has won Arkansas in 10 of the last 14 elections.[12